Thomas Castledine of Dale Abbey

Thomas Castledine was Ari’s 7x great-grandfather and I don’t know much about him yet. On 30 January 1787 he married Alice Warren at Dale Abbey in Derbyshire.

geograph-5491277-by-Alan-Murray-Rust

“A more peaceful and pleasant spot than Dale Abbey is hard to find in the whole of Derbyshire. Yet it is less than three miles from the suburbs of Derby to the west, and even closer to a vast area of housing and industrialisation on the eastern side.

The story of Dale Abbey, or Depedale as it was originally known, begins when a Derby baker had a dream — the Virgin Mary appeared and told him to go to Depedale, to live a life of solitude and prayer. At that time it was a wild and marshy place and the hermit carved out a home and chapel in a sandstone cliff.

geograph-915124-by-David-Lally.jpg

Here he continued to worship in solitude until one day the smoke from his fire was seen by a Knight, Ralph Fitz Geremund the owner of the land. Intending to drive the intruder away, he rode over, but on hearing the hermit’s story he was filled with compassion, allowing him to remain and bestowing on him the tithe money from Borrowash Mill. This enabled the hermit to build a small chapel and home on the site of the present church.

After the hermit’s death, word spread of the religious significance of the place and following several attempts, Dale Abbey was founded in about 1200 by an order known as the White Canons because of the colour of their habits. The abbey remained until 1538, when it was dissolved and the greater part demolished by the command of Henry VIII.” (http://www.derbyshire-peakdistrict.co.uk/daleabbey.htm)

From the date of the marriage we can estimate that Thomas was born in about 1765. Thomas and Alice had at least six children: John, Thomas, Alice (Ari’s 6x great-grandmother), William (who died as a baby), Mary and Sarah (who died aged nine).

The children were baptised in Wilne, which is on the border with Leicestershire, and they were living in Draycott in 1813 when Sarah died.

No deaths or burials have been confirmed for Thomas yet, and he probably died before the 1841 census. I have not found a will or any definite newspaper records for him. There is a possible baptism in 1752 to a William and Martha. Also, a Thomas Castledine from Draycott signed up on 17 Jan 1807 to the 1st Foot Guards (this was the time of the Napoleonic Wars). Again, it will be a case of following up his children and any siblings to discover more about him.

Ari, this is how you are related to Thomas:

Screen Shot 2017-12-11 at 19.59.24

Advertisements

Alice Holmes

One of Ari’s 6x great-grandmothers was Alice Holmes, who was born in Cromford in 1778, the second daughter of Samuel Holmes and Lydia Roper.

geograph-3703900-by-Chris-Allen
The waterwheel at Cromford

The first record we have for Alice is her baptism at St Mary’s in Wirksworth on 16 September 1778.

Screen Shot 2017-12-10 at 15.58.11

Alice married Joseph Wheeldon, a hatter, on 14 September 1801 at the same church.

alice marriage.png

Twelve children were born between 1802 and 1826.

In the 1841 census Alice (aged 63) and Joseph (62) were living in Cromford with their three youngest sons John (17), James (16) and Samuel (15).

Screen Shot 2017-12-10 at 16.09.23

In 1851 Alice is a widow aged 73, living at Moor Side, Cromford with her son John (Ari’s 5x great-grandfather) and his wife Ruth, and their three young sons.

Screen Shot 2017-12-10 at 16.13.33

Alice died on 18 February 1858 and was buried on the 21st at Wirksworth. A notice appeared in the Derbyshire Advertiser and Journal.

Screen Shot 2017-12-10 at 16.22.10

geograph-2767786-by-Andrew-Hill
Passage to the churchyard in Wirksworth

Ari, this is how you are related to Alice:

Screen Shot 2017-12-10 at 16.29.02

Joshua Eyre of Hazelwood

One of Ari’s 9x great-grandfathers was Joshua Eyre, born in 1706 in Hazelwood, Derbyshire. He was baptised at the church in Duffield on 25 March 1706, the fifth son of Samuel Eyre and Hannah Tomlinson.

 

geograph-3942614-by-Jonathan-Clitheroe-1

On 11 June 1730, Joshua married Elizabeth Alsop, and the couple had seven children between 1731 and 1743.

I think they actually lived in Hazelwood, which is a village just north of Duffield. Their marriage record says ‘of Hazelwood’, and this is also recorded on the baptism of one of their sons, and in Joshua’s will. The church in Hazelwood was not built until 1846, so they would have had to walk to Duffield to use the church of St Alkmund.  Joshua’s father Samuel had left him three pieces of land in the liberty of Hazelwood: Calfe Close, Cawver Close and Bradley Close.

Joshua’s wife Elizabeth died some time before 1747, when he married again at the age of forty. His second wife was Ann Frost, described as ‘of Ashbourn, spinster, aged thirty’. Joshua is described in the marriage licence as a husbandman (tenant farmer or small landowner).

Screen Shot 2017-12-09 at 20.40.10.png

They would go on to have seven children.

Joshua died in 1783, and his will is available to read on Findmypast.

Screen Shot 2017-12-09 at 17.49.49.png

In the will, he lists all of the children of his ‘late son Joshua’ (who predeceased him by three years). He asks that his wife Ann ‘shall keep possession of the said closes or parcels of land for one year after my decease’. He helpfully gives us the names of his married daughters. Although he had signed his marriage licence, here he just puts his mark.

Screen Shot 2017-12-09 at 18.37.47

The will was proved on 12 February 1783 at the Court in Lichfield.

Ari, this is how you are related to Joshua:

Screen Shot 2017-12-09 at 20.52.54

Which William of Winfrith?

I have previously written about William Orchard who was born in 1813. I’ve now researched his family back a few more generations.  His father, also William (Ari’s 6x great-grandfather), was born in 1779 in Winfrith Newburgh in Dorset (near Tolpuddle).

geograph-1949947-by-David-Smith.jpg

But I realized that there were two babies with the same name, both baptised in the same year, at the village church of St Christopher, and I would need to spend some time disentangling the family branches.

geograph-1749448-by-Eugene-Birchall

One William was the son of Robert and Elizabeth, and one was the son of John and Mary. I assumed that Robert and John were brothers, but didn’t know which couple were the parents of ‘my’ William.

I was greatly helped by the transcriptions of the parish baptisms and marriages available as part of the Dorset Online Parish Clerk project (e.g. at http://www.opcdorset.org/WinfrithNewburgh/WinfrithNewburghBaps1751-1800.htm).

This allowed me to see that a William Orchard (born in 1704) who had married Mary Gretton in 1736 had sons called Robert and John. (The children were William (1738), Anne (1740), Robert (1742), John (1744), Thomas (1746), Elizabeth (1751) and Mary (1756).)

Robert married Elizabeth Rawls in 1773, and John married Mary Rawls in 1770. So I was happy to carry on searching backwards, in the hope that all would become clear. The parents of the William Orchard who married Mary Gretton were Robert Orchard and Anne, and they married in 1694 in Winfrith Newburgh. (So it doesn’t matter for now whether it is Robert or John who is Ari’s direct ancestor, because we can be sure that this Robert – born in about 1674 – is.)

Robert and Anne had six children: John in 1696, Elizabeth in 1697, Thomas in 1699, Edith in 1701, William in 1704 and Mary in 1707.

More to follow …

Nisel Shnaiderovich

Ari’s 6x great-grandfather Nisel lived in Svencionys, Lithuania. Nisel (a variant of Nisn) is a name that was given to boys during the month in which Passover occurs, and Shnaiderovich means ‘son of a tailor’. He is also listed as Nosel.

All we know about Nisel comes from the All Lithuania Revision List Database on JewishGen. This is the family on 30 April 1834 in Svencionys:

Screen Shot 2017-11-18 at 06.35.52

This tells us that Nisel’s father was Shmuila, and gives us Nisel’s date of birth as 1798. We can see that his wife is Gitka, and her father was Girsh. They have four daughters: Raina (14), Tema (12), Sora (10) and Feiga (2). This suggests that they married in about 1819.

Screen Shot 2017-11-18 at 06.30.17

The Revision of 30 October 1850 (above) shows that he had died in 1848. A son, Shmuel, is 16. Who is he living with? Has his mother also died?

Please read this article about what happened in Svencionys in 1941.

Ari, this is how you are related to Nisel:

Screen Shot 2017-11-18 at 06.53.36

Andrew Mullens of Tisbury

Ari’s 5x great-grandfather Andrew Mullens or Mullins was born in 1797 in West Hatch, Tisbury, Wiltshire. It is thought that there was an eighth-century abbey in Tisbury, which is west of Salisbury. “Settlement in the west part of the parish in the Middle Ages was at West Hatch and East Hatch, and in several hamlets or farmsteads. West Hatch manor possibly included c. 15 small farmsteads in the early 12th century” (see http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/wilts/vol13/pp195-248). West Hatch is just north of Old Wardour Castle.

geograph-902377-by-Maigheach-gheal

Andrew worked as an agricultural labourer. I haven’t found his parents yet. On 7 July 1820 he married Mary Hayward at the church in Tisbury, but the first record we have of him is in 1818, when he appeared at the Wiltshire Quarter Sessions in Tisbury and was convicted and sent to prison in Devizes. (His name is not given in the newspaper report of these Sessions, and I don’t know what his crime was.)

Andrew and Mary’s daughter Jane was born in 1827 in West Hatch. I haven’t been able to find the family in the 1841 census, but there is an Andrew Mullens living with Harriet and more children in 1851, so my theory at the moment is that Mary died and he remarried.

In 1848 Andrew was sentenced to three months at the County Sessions on 4 Jan, for “larceny by servant”, which means that he stole from his employer. He was not whipped though, unlike the next two people on the criminal register:

Screen Shot 2017-11-12 at 08.05.26

Luckily, this time there is a newspaper record (Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette, 6 Jan 1848), so we can see his crime (they all make interesting reading!):

Screen Shot 2017-11-12 at 08.10.55

So it looks as though he was working on a farm near Wardour Castle.

In the 1851 census Andrew is shown as a widower, still working as an agricultural labourer at the age of 64, and living in Chilmark with his daughter Jane and her family.

He died in 1867.

This is Hannah’s first visit to Old Wardour Castle in April 1989!

IMG_20171112_095558.jpg

Ari, this is how you are related to Andrew:

Screen Shot 2017-11-12 at 08.40.48

 

 

Joseph Sheppard of Worcestershire

Joseph Sheppard (or Shepherd) was one of Ari’s 6x great-grandfathers, born in 1752 in Worcestershire, possibly in Hanbury, as that is where he was living at the time of his marriage.

geograph-4461534-by-Mike-Searle
St Werburgh’s Church, Hanbury – monument to Sir John de Hanbury (detail)

No baptism for him has been found in Hanbury, which is near Droitwich.

When he was 33, Joseph married Ann Day in Huddington, as shown in the parish register:

Screen Shot 2017-10-08 at 16.39.48

 

They had nine children between 1786 and 1806, the youngest of whom was also Joseph, Ari’s 5x great-grandfather.

Joseph senior lived to the age of 83, and was buried at the church of St James in Huddington on 20 December 1835.

No will has been found yet, and I don’t know what his occupation was. My next step is to follow up the children to see if there are any clues.

Ari, this is how you are related to Joseph:

Screen Shot 2017-11-12 at 06.56.45

William Cawthorn of Pinchbeck

Pinchbeck in Lincolnshire was home to one of Ari’s 5x great-grandfathers, William Cawthorn.

geograph-2781702-by-Keith-Evans.jpg

William was married to Mary Chapman on 12 May 1793 at St Mary’s Church, and their six children (Martha, William, James, Frances, Robert, and another James) were all christened in Pinchbeck – the first four at the church and the last two at an independent chapel.

geograph-3776660-by-Dave-Hitchborne

The youngest child was born in 1804, so we know that he died after 1803, but I am not sure when. A possible burial is 9 August 1832, of a William Cawthorn who is 76.

I hope that following up on the children may provide some more clues.

Ari, this is how you are related to William:

Screen Shot 2017-11-05 at 17.24.11

Seventeenth-century ancestors

Recent research has allowed me to find a few ancestors of Ari’s who lived in England in the seventeenth century, some in Dorset and some in Derbyshire.

I thought it might be interesting to look at the historical context, focusing on one of these ancestors, William Tomlinson. William is Ari’s 11x great-grandfather (one of two that I have found so far).

He died on 3 March 1693 in Duffield, Derbyshire, and must have been married in about 1660 (based on the baptism dates of his children), which puts his birth date at about 1640.

1525church

Charles I was on the throne at this time, and the English Civil War was just about to unfold. A PhD by Heather Falvey examines Duffield as part of a study of “custom, resistance and politics” in early modern England, and her thesis is available online. The parish of Duffield was part of the duchy of Lancaster, administered by a steward on behalf of the Crown. As well as farming and weaving, men at this time made their living by extracting iron ore, smelting, quarrying stone, mining coal, making charcoal, and making wire. (The occupation of wire-drawing involved turning metal into wire by drawing it through different-sized holes in a template.) Later, nail-making became more important in the area. Sources for this information in Heather’s PhD include the wills and inventories of some of these men. She also mentions a militia list from 1638 held in the National Archives, and of course men paid taxes, so there are hearth tax lists to consult. Heather uses the inventories of Duffield inhabitants to work out how many rooms they had and how wealthy they were, and we can do the same for Ari’s ancestors.

The inhabitants of Duffield had certain rights, and were entitled to use the forests, for example to feed their sheep and cattle, or to provide firewood and wood for making fences. This is what led to riots and resistance when some of the land was enclosed under Charles I. After a period of sabotage and non-compliance, actual rioting broke out in 1642. Evidence for these riots comes from court papers held in the National Archives, with 217 local people being named. They started by pulling down fences and destroying hedges “in a violent & tumultuous way”, and then drove their own cattle onto the king’s land.

This is the world that Ari’s ancestor William Tomlinson was born into, and it might even be possible to discover if his parents were involved. When William died in 1693 his estate was appraised and administered, and the records are part of the Findmypast collection called Staffordshire, Dioceses Of Lichfield and Coventry Wills and Probate 1521–1860. The first page starts in Latin, but then uses English to tell us that William’s surviving wife is called Anne. This page is signed by Anne, Samuel Tomlinson (William’s son), and Samuel Eyre, husband of William’s daughter Hannah.

Screen Shot 2017-11-03 at 08.38.11.png

The next page gives us the inventory:

Screen Shot 2017-11-03 at 08.42.22.png

From this, we know that he left property valued at £21, 16 shillings and 6 pence. The items were:

  • A purse and apparel.
  • In the house: five irons; three pewter dishes; one candlestick; a tankard; three bottles; a brass pot; an iron pot; a table; a form; a cupboard.
  • In the parlour: an old bedstead; a rug; curtains; two chests; one little table.
  • In the chamber: one half-headed bedstead with one flock bed and two blankets.
  • One flitch of bacon
  • In the shop: two looms(?) with materials belonging thereunto
  • Linen and lumber
  • Two cows and one heifer; two year-old calves.

This suggests that he may have been a weaver by trade. William was buried on 5 March 1693 at St Alkmund’s Church in Duffield. Even though he lived over three hundred years ago, there is still a story to be told and more to discover.

Ari, this is how you are related to William:

Screen Shot 2017-11-03 at 09.00.27

Joseph Goodall of Bradley

Joseph Goodall was Ari’s 6x great-grandfather, born in 1758 in Bradley, Ashbourne, Derbyshire and christened on 5 October at All Saints’ Church.

1553 church.JPG

Screen Shot 2017-10-31 at 14.52.35.png

His parents were William Goodall and Mary Pegg, who had married in Ashbourne earlier in 1758.

We know that Joseph was a farmer, from his daughter’s marriage certificate, but there are no other records to confirm this. In about 1801 he married Ann, and their first daughter Hannah was born in 1802, followed by Fanny in 1804, Elizabeth in 1808, Joseph in 1813 and Harriet in 1817.

Joseph died in 1827 and was buried in the churchyard at Bradley.

1563view 2.JPG

Ari, this is how you are related to Joseph:

Screen Shot 2017-10-31 at 15.28.04