Caroline Lumley or Lambley, dairymaid, glove-maker and laundress

Caroline Lumley was Ari’s 4x great-grandmother, born in 1834 in Rous Lench, Worcestershire. According to my tree, she was the third daughter of John Lumley, a farm labourer, and Ann Loyd, a “field woman”.

Rous Lench village green

The 1841 census shows the family living at Rous Lench, where John is an agricultural labourer.

In 1851, Caroline is sixteen and working as a glover. Caroline’s grandfather, Thomas Wright, is living with the family in Rous Lench. He is described as a pauper (labourer):

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1851 census,

But if he is Ann’s father, why was her name Loyd? Had she been married before?

I turned to TheGenealogist website, which is very good for Worcestershire parish records, and found the marriage of Thomas Wright and Mary Loyd in 1803, plus two more of their children, John and Sarah. So it looks as though Ann Loyd was actually Ann Wright. I will come back to her another day.

Caroline didn’t get married until October 1861, so she should have appeared in the 1861 census under her maiden name. By this time her father had died and her two sisters had married, so Caroline was on her own. I looked for any Carolines of the right age living in Rous Lench. Neither Findmypast nor Ancestry could find her (and other people’s family trees also had a gap for her in 1861). Then I tried the FamilySearch website, with no surname and just Rous Lench as place of birth. Success! She appeared as Caroline Langley, about nine miles away in Hanbury, where she was working as a dairymaid for a farmer called Samuel Willson.

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1861 census,

This is where she met Robert Butler, who was working as a cowman at a farm nearby.

Chicory flowers on a Hanbury footpath

They married at St Peter’s Church in Rous Lench on 27 October 1861.


Caroline, Robert, and their three daughters were living in Huddington in 1871. Caroline was listed in the census as a gloveress. By 1881 they were at Lower Crowle, and in 1891 Caroline was listed as a laundress.

We know how Caroline died because it was reported in the local papers in December 1895:

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Worcester Journal, 14 December 1895, Findmypast


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Worcestershire Chronicle, 14 December 1895, Findmypast
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Worcestershire Chronicle, 21 December 1895, Findmypast

Caroline was buried on 14 December at the church of St John the Baptist in Crowle.


Ari, this is how you are related to Caroline:

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Henry Dawson, silk glove maker from Duffield

Henry Dawson was one of Ari’s 5x great-grandfathers. He was born on 18 April 1810 in Duffield, Derbyshire, the son of a linen weaver, Francis Dawson, and Martha Dunn. His baptism took place on 12 May 1810 at Duffield’s Presbyterian Chapel.

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England & Wales, Non-Conformist and Non-Parochial Registers, 1567–1970,

(Notes from Derbyshire County Council’s online catalogue: “The Presbyterian Chapel in Wirksworth Road, Duffield, was built before 1790. In the early 19th century the congregation adopted the Unitarian faith. By 1860 the chapel had closed, but it was subsequently rented to the trustees of Duffield Reading Room. After the 1870 Education Act, Mrs Constance Smith of Duffield Hall encouraged the establishment of an infant school in the former chapel, which remained in use for this purpose until 1895. In the 20th century it became the meeting place for many local organisations including the local Temperance Society. In the 1960s and 1970s it was a china factory called Abbeydale China Co. Ltd., and in the 1980s was used as a light engineering workshop. Despite local protests, the building was demolished in June 2001 to make way for a housing development.”)

We don’t know anything else about Henry until his marriage at the age of twenty-five. He married Charlotte Parker on 27 December 1835 at St Alkmund’s church in the village.

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754–1932,

The 1841 census shows us Henry, working as a silk framework knitter, his wife Charlotte, two-year-old Elizabeth, and two-month-old Philip. They were living on the Wirksworth Turnpike Road in Duffield.

The Derby to Duffield Turnpike was authorised in 1756 and operated until 1875. It is now the A6.

Henry and Martha’s first son, William (aged four), was staying with Henry’s parents.

By 1851, Henry had become a silk glove maker, sons William (14) and Philip (10) were silk winders and three more children had been born: Caroline in 1844, Martha in 1847, and Francis Henry in 1850. They were living at Upper Green, and Henry’s parents were living with them (his father Francis would die that December):

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1851 census,

It was not a good time to be in the industry. The local papers were full of depressing news about the state of trade, and the family would all have had to work to earn enough to live on.

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Derby Mercury, 18 December 1839, Findmypast

There had been a strike in 1845:

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Derbyshire Courier, 2 August 1845, Findmypast
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Derby Mercury, 2 July 1851, Findmypast

The family moved to Castle Orchard before the 1861 census.

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Derby Mercury 02 June 1886, Findmypast

Francis Henry had died aged two, and one more child had been born: Charlotte Agnes in 1853. Henry’s widowed mother was living with them and working as a washerwoman.

Henry died at London Rd Infirmary in Derby when he was only fifty-three, on 31 October 1864. The record of his hospital admission is included in the collection called Derbyshire Hospital Admissions And Deaths 1855–1913 on Findmypast. The cause of death was given as “Disease of bladder, Asthenia” (asthenia is weakness or lack of energy).

He was buried at St Alkmund’s on 3 November:

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Burials, 1813–1991,

Ari, this is how you are related to Henry:

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Elizabeth Mitchener of Goodworth Clatford

Elizabeth Mitchener was one of Ari’s 4x great-grandmothers. She was born in Goodworth Clatford, Hampshire, in December 1840, in time to be in the 1841 census at five months old. Her father was Charles Mitchener and her mother was Mary Henrietta Smith.

Elizabeth was baptised at St Peter’s church in the village.


By the time of the 1851 census, Elizabeth was ten and attending school in the village, along with her little brother Walter. Her father Charles had died when she was only five, and her mother was working as a laundress. Elizabeth’s older brother Henry was already working as an agricultural labourer at the age of thirteen. Elizabeth’s grandmother, Jane, was also living with the family.

The 1861 census shows Elizabeth after she has left home. She is working as a housemaid in the home of Anne Vincent, at Bishop Morley’s College in Winchester. (The college provided residence for widows of clergymen. Anne had been born Anne Esther Larbalestier in Jersey in 1793, and married Frederick Vincent in 1813.)

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Jersey, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1940

In 1863, Elizabeth gave birth to a baby girl who she named Annie. Sadly, Annie died the following year.

On 6 Feb 1869, Elizabeth married John Tarrant at St Peter’s church. The parish record has been transcribed as:

February 6 1869 John TARRANT full Bachelor Labourer Goodworth Clatford father –  Henry TARRANT Farmer  &  Elizabeth MITCHENER full Spinster  Goodworth Clatford father –  Charles MITCHENER Labourer in the presence of  Gabriel WILD  &  Frances MITCHENER

(Frances was Elizabeth’s older sister, who married Gabriel Wild six years later.)

Elizabeth and John had six children: Edward in 1869, Walter in 1871, Albert in 1874, Elizabeth in 1876, and twins Ellen and Frederick in 1879.

In the 1871 census, the family are living in Goodworth Clatford. Two of Elizabeth’s nieces (Emma and Eliza Mitchener) are living with them.

Elizabeth died on 3 November 1880 from phthisis (tuberculosis). She was only 40.

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Her burial took place on the 8th, at St Peter’s. The twins had also died that same year, and Elizabeth’s mother Mary was living with John and the other four children in 1881.

Ari, this is how you are related to Elizabeth:

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