Samuel Wheeldon, hosiery dresser

One of Ari’s 4x great-grandfathers was Samuel Wheeldon. Samuel was born in Cromford in Derbyshire on 14 July 1851, the fourth son of John Wheeldon (a hatter) and Ruth Brelsford. Samuel’s baptism took place at St Mary’s Church in Cromford.

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The church when we visited in December 2018
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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813–1916, Ancestry.co.uk

At the age of nine, Samuel appeared in the 1861 census, and was described as “at home”, unlike his older brother John, who was already working in the cotton factory at the age of twelve. By this time, he had three younger sisters too.

But by 1871 he had joined his father and mother as a merino dresser.

 

Samuel married Mary Ann Bunting on 7 August 1875 at the Salem Methodist Chapel in Belper. (This building was demolished in 1966. See http://www.belper-research.com/places/salemchapel.html). He is described as 21 years old, and a machinist, living at Holloway.

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J. Smedley, at Lea Bridge not far from Cromford and Belper. They have been in the knitwear business since 1784.

We can see Samuel and Mary in 1891 with their five children:

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1891 census, Ancestry.co.uk

Samuel is now a hosiery dresser. Samuel’s father John died from typhoid fever just a few months after the census was taken.

The 1901 census shows Samuel still living at Holloway, and working as a merino hosiery dresser. His daughters Mary (25) and Elizabeth (21) are both yarn winders at the merino mill, daughter Daisy (23) is a yarn mender, and son Lewis (17) is a machinist there.

The 1911 census shows Samuel still at the factory working as a hosiery dresser. His daughter Mary Ann, widowed at the age of twenty-nine, is living with them.

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1911 census, Ancestry.co.uk

Mary Ann’s husband, William Tolchard, had died in 1905:

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Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald, 20 May 1905, Findmypast
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Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald, 20 May 1905, Findmypast

Samuel died on 30 August 1922, at Yewtree View in Holloway. He was seventy-one, still working as a hosiery dresser, and the cause of death was disseminated sclerosis. His daughter Daisy was present. I haven’t found his grave yet, and he didn’t leave a will.

Ari, this is how you are related to Samuel:

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Lydia Roper of Wirksworth and Cromford

One of Ari’s 7x great-grandmothers was Lydia Roper, the mother of Alice Holmes. She was born, probably in Wirksworth, Derbyshire, in about 1749.

On 28 September 1774, she married Samuel Holmes at St Mary’s in Wirksworth.

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1932, Ancestry.co.uk

They seem to have had at least ten children, but three of them, Mary (4), Thomas (3) and Lydia, all died young in 1783. Another Lydia was born and died in 1792 at four months, and a son William died young in 1795.

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812on Ancestry.co.uk

Lydia died in Feb 1825 and was buried in Wirksworth. The record gives us her age (76), tells us that she was the widow of Samuel, and also tells us that she was living in Cromford.

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I would like to find her baptism and parents.

Ari, this is how you are related to Lydia:

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Ruth Brelsford, Primitive Methodist?

One of Ari’s 5x great-grandmothers was Ruth Brelsford, born in about 1824 in Middleton by Wirksworth, Derbyshire. Her father was William, a lead miner, and her mother was Mary Flint. She was their fifth child and first daughter.

I haven’t found a baptism record, so the first time we see her is in the 1841 census, aged 15, living with her parents and siblings in Hillside, Middleton.

On 27 February 1953 she married a hatter called John Wheeldon at St Mary’s in Wirksworth.

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Marriage certificate, Derbyshire, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1932 on Ancestry

By 1851 Ruth and John had three children, William, Joseph, and John. They were living at Moorside, Cromford.

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Ruth’s widowed mother-in-law, Alice, was living with them.

1861 shows Ruth and John aged 37, with children John (12; working in a cotton factory), Samuel (9), Hannah (8), Mary (5) and Alice (2). They then moved to Holloway, Crich, where they can be seen in 1871. By now daughter Alice was 12 and also working in the mill, and Ruth had had two more daughters, Kezia (9) and Sarah Ann (5), both at school.

In 1881 they are in the same place and a visitor – James Hurd from Frome in Somerset – is staying with them. He was a Primitive Methodist Minister (see this page for his picture and biography).

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Derby Daily Telegraph, 6 July 1882 from Findmypast
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On former Scarthin Primitive Methodist Chapel, Cromford

Ruth’s husband John died a few months after the 1881 census, and in 1891 we can see her as the head of the household, with three daughters at home.

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1891 England census, Ancestry.

In 1901 Ruth was 77, living at Leashaw Rd, Dethick. Her daughter Kezia was still at home and working as a charwoman (she would marry the following year). Sarah Ann was also still single, working as a merino hosiery machinist. And Kezia’s daughter Sarah, born in 1895, was also living with them.

And finally we see Ruth, aged 87 in 1911, living with Kezia and her husband Andrew Lee, a hosiery worker, at Chapel House, Lea, Matlock Bath. She was described as an Old Age Pensioner.

Ruth died in the summer of the following year, 1912.

Ari, this is how you are related to Ruth:

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Joseph Bunting Thickett

Joseph was Ari’s 6x great-grandfather, born in 1765 in Ashover, Derbyshire, the son of Sarah Thickett.

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The River Amber near Ashover

On 30 December 1793, Joseph married Jane Frost in Wirksworth.

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1932

The couple had nine children, and they were all given the last name Bunting, rather than Thickett. Maybe Bunting was Joseph’s father’s name?

The first child, Betty, died aged six, and the second, Joseph, died at eight months. I knew he had died before 1811, as there was another son given the name Joseph that year, but I have just discovered his burial, in something called a Burials Waste Book for the church at Old Brampton, Chesterfield. This book lists the position of each grave. For Joseph, buried on 7 May 1798, it says:

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812

On the page 10 referred to, which records burials in April 1796, we see:

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812

So now I think that these are possibly Sarah’s parents. To explore further!

We know that Joseph was a blacksmith from the marriage record of one of his sons, and they carried on the tradition. Sons William, John, Joseph and James were all blacksmiths, while Thomas became a wheelwright.

Joseph died in June 1823 and was buried at Wirksworth.

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Burials, 1813-1991

Ari, this is how you are related to Joseph:

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Mary Ann Brewell

Mary Ann Brewell was Ari’s 4x great-grandmother. She was born on 21 May 1846 in Wirksworth, Derbyshire, the third daughter of Ann Land and Joseph Brewell. Her father registered the birth and was unable to sign his name. His occupation was recorded as chimney sweeper. Mary Ann’s baptism took place on 14 June.

In the 1851 census Mary Ann is listed as a scholar, age 4, and ten years later she is still at school. The family live in the Dale, Wirksworth.

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At 18, Mary Ann married Henry Pearson, a labourer. Both gave their residence as Cromford. The wedding took place at St Mary’s church in Wirksworth. Mary Ann was unable to sign her name.

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St Mary’s. Norman carved fragments built into the north wall of the interior of the north transept

Their first child, Robert, was born in 1865 and baptised on 20 August. A daughter, Elizabeth, was born in 1867. Between these two births it seems that the family had moved to Scarthin Nick in Cromford, and this is where they were living in 1871. No occupation was given for Mary Ann in any of the censuses.

By 1891 they had moved to Bolton in Lancashire, where Henry was working in a cotton mill. Mary Ann was now 45. Robert and Elizabeth were living with them, and Robert was working as a carter to a coal merchant. Ernest Pearson, a ‘nurse child’ aged 2, born in Bolton, was also living with them. Was he related or had he just been adopted and taken their name?

In 1901 they were back in Derbyshire. They were living at 3 Bowling Green Lane, in Wirksworth. Both children had married by this time.

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Bowling Green Lane is a narrow ‘jitty’ or ‘ginnel’.

By the 1911 census they had moved to the almshouses in Wirksworth. Mary Ann was now 65, and they had been married for 46 years. They had nine grandchildren. Henry died a few months later, and Mary Ann lived until 20 August 1923, when she died at 23 Dale Street, of atrophic degeneration of the heart. She was 78. Her son Robert was present at her death. No will, burial, or death announcement has been found yet.

Ari, this is how you are related to Mary Ann:

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Alice Holmes

One of Ari’s 6x great-grandmothers was Alice Holmes, who was born in Cromford in 1778, the second daughter of Samuel Holmes and Lydia Roper.

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The waterwheel at Cromford

The first record we have for Alice is her baptism at St Mary’s in Wirksworth on 16 September 1778.

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Alice married Joseph Wheeldon, a hatter, on 14 September 1801 at the same church.

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Twelve children were born between 1802 and 1826.

In the 1841 census Alice (aged 63) and Joseph (62) were living in Cromford with their three youngest sons John (17), James (16) and Samuel (15).

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In 1851 Alice is a widow aged 73, living at Moor Side, Cromford with her son John (Ari’s 5x great-grandfather) and his wife Ruth, and their three young sons.

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Alice died on 18 February 1858 and was buried on the 21st at Wirksworth. A notice appeared in the Derbyshire Advertiser and Journal.

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Passage to the churchyard in Wirksworth

Ari, this is how you are related to Alice:

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Henry Pearson, mystery man

Ari’s 4x great-grandfather, Henry Pearson, was born in about 1838 in Cromford, Derbyshire, but has proved difficult to trace.

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According to his marriage certificate, his father was a labourer also called Henry, but I can find no census records for 1841 or 1851 that fit this family, nor any record of a birth or baptism.

The alternative theory, which is supported by various records, is that he was born in 1842 to Mary Kitchen Pearson. In this version of his story, in 1851 he is living with his grandmother Elizabeth Pearson in the almshouses in Cromford.

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Mary then married Jabez Fenton, and the family can be found in 1861 living in Scarthin Nick, Matlock. If this is the right story, then we probably won’t ever know who his father was.

Henry died on 17 Aug 1911 in the almshouses at Wirksworth, aged 73, occupation general labourer, and was buried two days later in the public cemetery there. I would love to know the truth about his origins and solve the mystery!

Ari, this shows how you are related to Henry:

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