John Edgar Pearson Wheeldon

Ari’s 3x great-grandfather, John Edgar Pearson Wheeldon, was born on 27 July 1878 in Holloway, Belper, Derbyshire. His parents were Samuel Wheeldon and Mary Ann Bunting.

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Primitive Methodist Chapel, Holloway

John was not christened until 1896, and this event took place in Wirksworth.

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1916

The 1881 census had shown John as a two-year-old, living with his parents and three siblings in Holloway. His father was a hosiery dresser.

In 1891, John was still at school.

On 12 March 1898, he married Elizabeth Ann Murfin at All Saints Church in Mugginton, her parish.

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The leaning porch at Mugginton church

The marriage certificate tells us that John was now working as a wheelwright.

In 1901, John and his wife are living at Little Hays in the parish of Alderwasley, Wirksworth, and John is a blacksmith’s striker. Two children have been born: Lawrence Edgar and John Henry Francis (Frank).

In 1907, John appeared as a witness in the newspaper account of a fatal injury (read left to right):

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Belper News, 20 September 1907

Four more children would be born before the next census in 1911: Winifred Ethel, Arnold George, Edward Oliver, and Mary Elizabeth Ellen (Ari’s great-great grandmother). By then the family had moved to Nottingham Road in Belper. John is described in the census as “Journey blacksmith, wheelwright & general smith”. Another son, Lewis Mervyn, was born the following year but died at only a few months’ old.

John lived to see the marriage of two of his children, but sadly died at the age of only forty-five, on 4 February 1924, at Derbyshire Royal Infirmary. The cause of death was given as broncho-pneumonia, bronchitis and asthma.

Ari, this is how you are related to John:

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Harry Spencer of Wirksworth

Harry (christened Henry) Spencer was born on 15 August 1901 in Wirksworth, Derbyshire, and was Ari’s great-great-grandfather.

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His parents were David Spencer and Elizabeth Pearson, and their address when he was born was No. 6 Bowling Green Lane, Wirksworth.

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Bowling Green Lane
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Baptism record, Wirksworth St Mary’s (Derbyshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1916)

Harry attended Wirksworth New Bridge School from 1912 until 1914.

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National School Admission Registers & Log-Books 1870-1914

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From various records, we know that he had several different jobs. In 1928, when he married, he was a service mill hand. In 1934 he was a glove trimmer at the British Celanese factory in Spondon.

 

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Derby Daily Telegraph 31 December 1932

Harry married Edith Winifred Morris on 7 April 1928 at the Salem Chapel in Belper.

They had three sons and three daughters.

Harry was listed on the 1939 Register as an unemployed glove puncher. In 1957, when his daughter Audrey married, he was a fitter’s mate at the locomotive works in Derby.

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1957

 

 

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Harry died on 2 April 1971 and is buried at Belper Cemetery.

henry winifred belper

Ari, this is how you are related to Harry:

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Troth Shore from Darley Dale

Troth Shore was Ari’s 8x great-grandmother. She was born in Darley Dale, Derbyshire, in 1725 and baptised on 5 March. Pigot’s Directory from 1835 tells us that:

DARLEY DALE is a hamlet, in the parish of Darley, which is partly in the hundred of Wirksworth, but chiefly in the hundred of High Peak, lying on the road between Matlock Bath and Bakewell, about five miles from either place. The situation of this hamlet is one of great beauty, being seated in a lovely valley, upon the banks of the Derwent.” (See http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/DBY/DarleyDale)

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Her father was Roger Shore, but her mother isn’t mentioned in the baptism record. At the age of twenty-three she married John Kitchen. I have just discovered that he was from Bonsall (and also his age, which was twenty-seven). This is recorded on the marriage licence document, included in Findmypast’s collection of the Dioceses Of Lichfield & Coventry Marriage Allegations And Bonds, 1636-1893:

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I have found records for five or six children: John (probably born in 1749, died in 1752); Robert (born and died in 1751); Elizabeth (born in 1755); Roger (born in 1757); Sarah (born in 1759); and Betty (died in 1764 – I think this could be Elizabeth):

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It seems as though they were living in Bonsall, as all the children were baptised there.

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I have just found a burial date for her: 22 Feb 1794, in Bonsall.

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Ari, this is how you are related to Troth:

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Elizabeth Chaddock of Denby

Elizabeth was Ari’s 7x great-grandmother, born at Denby in Derbyshire in 1751. Her parents were John and Elizabeth, and I have found no siblings for her so far.

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The first record we have for her is her christening on 3 November 1751, and the second is her marriage on 8 May 1772 to Isaac Millington, a collier.

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1932
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Detail of the nave roof, 15th century, restored 1901

Elizabeth and Isaac had nine children between 1773 and 1786. They were Isaac, Anne, Ellen, Grace, John, Patrick, Sarah, Jacob and Elizabeth (who went on to marry Thomas Parker and so become Ari’s 6x great-grandmother).

On 31 March 1812, Elizabeth died. She was buried on the 3rd of April, and shares a gravestone with her husband in the churchyard in Denby.

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812

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Ari, this is how you are related to Elizabeth:

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Rebecca Woodhouse

Rebecca Woodhouse was the daughter of Mary Redfern and Anthony Woodhouse, and was Ari’s 5x great-grandmother. She was their first child, born in 1791 in Bonsall, Derbyshire, and baptised on the 24th of July.

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At the age of 20, she married a quarryman, Isaac Spencer. The couple had ten children: Hannah, Isaac, Charlotte, Joseph, Anthony, William, Francis, Rebecca, Thomas and Sarah.

In 1841 the family are at Water Lane, in Middleton-by-Wirksworth. Four of the children are at home, with 15-year-old Anthony working as a lead miner.

In 1851, just 14-year-old Thomas is at home with Rebecca and Isaac.

Rebecca died on 20 February 1854 in Middleton. She was 62 years old.

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Looking north from Middleton, with Bonsall in the distance. Strip fields can be seen in middle distance, right. 

Ari, this is how you are related to Rebecca:

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Caroline Dawson of Derby (and the Hot Dog King)

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Caroline Dawson was Ari’s 4x great-grandmother, the mother of Annie Morris (whose story is told in this post). Yesterday we visited Dale Road in Derby, where she lived, and found this Sikh gurdwara.

The house is still there, but is now a little shop, Oceans Travel:

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Caroline was born in 1844 in Duffield, Derbyshire. In 1851 she can be seen in the census, aged six, living at Upper Green. Her father, Henry Dawson, was a silk glove maker and framework knitter, and her older brother William was a silk winder. Her grandparents (Henry’s parents, Francis and Martha) were also living with them at the time of the census.

The local newspapers at this time were full of articles discussing the depressed state of the hosiery industry. This is from the Derby Mercury on 24 September 1851:

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By the time that she was sixteen, Caroline was working as a silk glove seamer. In 1864 Caroline’s father died, and on 28 December 1868 she married William Morris, a foundry labourer, at the Register Office in Derby. The 1871 census shows Caroline living with William in the house of his parents, no. 69 Russell Street, Litchurch.

This is the street where Harry M. Stevens, inventor of the hot dog, once lived. He also worked at a local foundry before emigrating to the US. Other ideas of his included improved baseball scorecards for spectators, and selling soda with a straw so you could drink without missing the game.

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Derby Daily Telegraph 12 October 1940

Litchurch is described on Wikipedia as “originally an obscure locality on the edge of Derby” but “rapid urbanisation and population growth in the 19th century led to it briefly existing as a separately governed local authority between 1860 and 1888, prior to once again being absorbed by its neighbour”.

By 1881 Caroline and William were living at 6 Harrington Street in Derby (the house isn’t there any more). Caroline had now had a son, John Henry, who was born in 1869 but sadly died at the age of twelve, and three daughters: Elizabeth Ann (Lizzie) in 1873; Charlotte Ellen (Nellie) in 1875 and Annie in 1880.

In 1891 they are at the same address. Elizabeth and Charlotte are both working (as assistant dressmaker and assistant milliner), and Caroline’s fifteen-year-old nephew, William Frank Dawson, is living with them too.

By 1901 they have moved to 38 Nelson Road, Normanton. Caroline is now fifty-six. No occupation is given for her. William is now working as a gas fitter, and daughters Charlotte and Annie are both milliners.

The 1911 census shows Caroline at 100 Dale Road, Derby, listed as “House Wife”. She died on 21 December 1914.

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Derby Daily Telegraph 21 December 1915

I have not found out where she is buried, and she did not leave a will.

Ari, this is how you are related to Caroline:

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William Castledine of Wilne

William Castledine of Wilne, Derbyshire, was Ari’s 8x great-grandfather. He was born on 30 September 1712 and baptised on 1 October at the church of St Chad, along with his twin brother Samuel.

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Bench mark, St Chad’s church, Wilne, used to record the height above sea level

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He married Elenor Freeman on 28 Mar 1748 (both described as ‘of Draycott’), and a son, Joseph, was baptised in January 1749 and buried on 9 December that year.

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The mill in Draycott, built in 1888.

Elenor died in January 1749, and William married Martha Earthley on 7 June 1750 at the same church. A daughter, Ann, was born in 1750 but died as a baby. Thomas was born in 1752, and then there was a gap before twins John and Philip in 1761. Another son, Edward, died in March 1765.

In 1763 the church got a coat of paint, recorded in the parish records:

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William died in January 1772 and was buried on 13 January.

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Ari, this is how you are related to William:

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Samuel Williams of Ashbourne, pig dealer and publican

One of Ari’s 5x great-grandfathers was Samuel Williams, born on 21 May 1810 in Ashbourne, Derbyshire.

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Samuel was the son of William and Frances Williams. He was baptised on 27 December 1810 at St Oswald’s church.

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Helpfully, the baptism record gives his exact birth date.

No records of Samuel have been found until his marriage, which took place on 20 April 1840 at the same church. His bride was Eliza Grace Potter. The marriage bond is in the collection of “Staffordshire, Dioceses Of Lichfield & Coventry Marriage Allegations and Bonds, 1636-1893” on Findmypast, and shows that Samuel was a pig dealer.

In the 1841 census the couple are living in Ashbourne with Emily’s parents, George and Ann Potter.

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Derbyshire Advertiser and Journal 04 December 1846

In 1849, Samuel appears in the Derbyshire Post Office Directory:

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In 1851 they are still living at Pig Market, with children Anne Eliza, Samuel, Emily Fanny,  and William George.

On 17 Feb 1854, this notice appeared in the Derbyshire Advertiser and Journal:

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In 1861 Samuel and Eliza are living in the same place, now with four more children: Louisa Maria, John, Frederick and Lucy. By 1870 Samuel is also working as a publican, at the Royal Oak. A lodger, also a pig dealer, is living with the family in 1871.

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Derby Mercury 29 May 1850

Samuel died in 1878 and was buried on the 1st of May at St Oswald’s. His abode at that time was given as Crown Yard.

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The Crown Inn was built in the mid 18th century and was a major coaching inn in the town. It closed some time around 1910. The arch gives access to Crown Yard at the rear and would originally have been used by stage coaches.

Ari, this is how you are related to Samuel:

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Mary Ann Brewell

Mary Ann Brewell was Ari’s 4x great-grandmother. She was born on 21 May 1846 in Wirksworth, Derbyshire, the third daughter of Ann Land and Joseph Brewell. Her father registered the birth and was unable to sign his name. His occupation was recorded as chimney sweeper. Mary Ann’s baptism took place on 14 June.

In the 1851 census Mary Ann is listed as a scholar, age 4, and ten years later she is still at school. The family live in the Dale, Wirksworth.

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At 18, Mary Ann married Henry Pearson, a labourer. Both gave their residence as Cromford. The wedding took place at St Mary’s church in Wirksworth. Mary Ann was unable to sign her name.

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St Mary’s. Norman carved fragments built into the north wall of the interior of the north transept

Their first child, Robert, was born in 1865 and baptised on 20 August. A daughter, Elizabeth, was born in 1867. Between these two births it seems that the family had moved to Scarthin Nick in Cromford, and this is where they were living in 1871. No occupation was given for Mary Ann in any of the censuses.

By 1891 they had moved to Bolton in Lancashire, where Henry was working in a cotton mill. Mary Ann was now 45. Robert and Elizabeth were living with them, and Robert was working as a carter to a coal merchant. Ernest Pearson, a ‘nurse child’ aged 2, born in Bolton, was also living with them. Was he related or had he just been adopted and taken their name?

In 1901 they were back in Derbyshire. They were living at 3 Bowling Green Lane, in Wirksworth. Both children had married by this time.

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Bowling Green Lane is a narrow ‘jitty’ or ‘ginnel’.

By the 1911 census they had moved to the almshouses in Wirksworth. Mary Ann was now 65, and they had been married for 46 years. They had nine grandchildren. Henry died a few months later, and Mary Ann lived until 20 August 1923, when she died at 23 Dale Street, of atrophic degeneration of the heart. She was 78. Her son Robert was present at her death. No will, burial, or death announcement has been found yet.

Ari, this is how you are related to Mary Ann:

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Another sad story: Joseph Phipps

Joseph Phipps was Ari’s 4x great-grandfather. This is the only photo we have of him.

Joseph Phipps

He was born on 25 October 1848 in Holbrook, Belper, Derbyshire, the son of William Phipps and Mary Taylor. He was baptised on 6 October 1850.

In the census of 1851 we can see him aged 3 with his parents:

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By 1861 he is working as a cotton mill hand, with his older brother John and younger brother Francis.

On 30 December 1867 he married Ellen Boothby at St Alkmund’s church in Duffield, and by then his occupation was collier. The 1871 census shows him as a coal miner, and the couple have two children, William and Joseph. They are still living in Holbrook.

By 1881 he appears on the census as a labourer, and three daughters have been born: Mary Ann, Elizabeth and Emma.

In 1891 he is a quarry labourer, and they are living in Holbrook St.

In 1901 he has a new occupation, that of newsagent, and in 1911 the description “Nottingham Guardian” is added. He is now 63. Two sons, Joseph and John, are living with him and his wife, and the census shows that they have had eleven children altogether, with five having died before 1911.

Now we come to the sad part of the story, discovered through newspaper accounts. Joseph appeared in the newspapers a few times during his life.

This was in 1885:

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Derby Daily Telegraph, 30 Jan 1885

This episode was from 1896:

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Derby Daily Telegraph, 5 Nov 1896

On 23 July 1915, the Belper News reported:

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An inquest was held the following day.

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Let’s do a happy story next! Ari, this is how you are related to Joseph:

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