Caroline Lumley or Lambley, dairymaid, glove-maker and laundress

Caroline Lumley was Ari’s 4x great-grandmother, born in 1834 in Rous Lench, Worcestershire. According to my tree, she was the third daughter of John Lumley, a farm labourer, and Ann Loyd, a “field woman”.

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Rous Lench village green

The 1841 census shows the family living at Rous Lench, where John is an agricultural labourer.

In 1851, Caroline is sixteen and working as a glover. Caroline’s grandfather, Thomas Wright, is living with the family in Rous Lench. He is described as a pauper (labourer):

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1851 census, Ancestry.co.uk

But if he is Ann’s father, why was her name Loyd? Had she been married before?

I turned to TheGenealogist website, which is very good for Worcestershire parish records, and found the marriage of Thomas Wright and Mary Loyd in 1803, plus two more of their children, John and Sarah. So it looks as though Ann Loyd was actually Ann Wright. I will come back to her another day.

Caroline didn’t get married until October 1861, so she should have appeared in the 1861 census under her maiden name. By this time her father had died and her two sisters had married, so Caroline was on her own. I looked for any Carolines of the right age living in Rous Lench. Neither Findmypast nor Ancestry could find her (and other people’s family trees also had a gap for her in 1861). Then I tried the FamilySearch website, with no surname and just Rous Lench as place of birth. Success! She appeared as Caroline Langley, about nine miles away in Hanbury, where she was working as a dairymaid for a farmer called Samuel Willson.

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1861 census, Ancestry.co.uk

This is where she met Robert Butler, who was working as a cowman at a farm nearby.

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Chicory flowers on a Hanbury footpath

They married at St Peter’s Church in Rous Lench on 27 October 1861.

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Caroline, Robert, and their three daughters were living in Huddington in 1871. Caroline was listed in the census as a gloveress. By 1881 they were at Lower Crowle, and in 1891 Caroline was listed as a laundress.

We know how Caroline died because it was reported in the local papers in December 1895:

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Worcester Journal, 14 December 1895, Findmypast

 

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Worcestershire Chronicle, 14 December 1895, Findmypast
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Worcestershire Chronicle, 21 December 1895, Findmypast

Caroline was buried on 14 December at the church of St John the Baptist in Crowle.

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Ari, this is how you are related to Caroline:

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Sarah Prestbury, of Hanbury, Staffordshire

Sarah Prestbury was one of Ari’s 8x great-grandmothers. She was born in about 1735 in Hanbury, Staffordshire.

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St Werburgh’s Church, Hanbury – monument to Sir John de Hanbury (detail).

On 3 Dec 1765, John Bull of Cubley, Derbyshire, who was a widower, went to Church Broughton for a marriage licence, swearing an oath that he intended to marry Sarah, who was a single woman aged over twenty-one, and that there was no impediment to the marriage.

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Staffordshire, Dioceses of Lichfield & Coventry Marriage Allegations and Bonds, 1636–1893, Findmypast

The marriage licence meant that the couple did not need to wait to have the banns read in church. John and Sarah’s marriage took place on 8 Dec. One of the witnesses was “Maneuel” Presbury, possibly Sarah’s father or brother, but I haven’t found any other records for the family yet.

John was a farmer whose first wife, Mary, had died in childbirth in 1763.

Sarah had eight children between 1766 and 1778. She lived to the age of eighty, and died on 15 October 1815 (we only know the exact date from this notice in the Derby Mercury):

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Derby Mercury, 19 October 1815, Findmypast

She was buried at St Andrew’s, Cubley, on 18 Oct.

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Derbyshire, England, Church of England Burials, 1813-1991, Ancestry.co.uk
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The graves of John Bull, his first wife Mary, and second wife Sarah.

Ari, this is how you are related to Sarah:

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Robert Butler of Bredicot

One of Ari’s 4x great-grandfathers was Robert Butler, who was born in 1837 in Bredicot, Worcestershire. Bredicot is a small parish in the centre of the county, about 4 miles east of Worcester.

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A traditional Bredicot barn

Conveniently, Robert was born in the year that civil registration of births became compulsory, so we know that his father was Thomas Butler and his mother was Elizabeth Reynolds. He was the first of their nine children, and was baptised on 5 October 1837 at the thirteenth-century church of St James the Less.

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The 1841 census shows him with his parents and younger brother William, living in the hamlet of Libbery, in the parish of Grafton Flyford.

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A post box on a road junction at Libbery

They were still there in 1851, and Robert now had three more brothers and a sister. He was now 13 and at school.

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By the time of the next census, in April 1861, Robert was employed as a cow man at Upper Goosehill Farm in Hanbury.

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Upper Goosehill House dates from the 17th century and is part of the Upper Goosehill Farm complex

 

Shortly after that he married Caroline Lumley in Evesham, and their first daughter, Elizabeth, was born in 1862. The family had moved to Huddington by 1871, by which time Harriet and Annie (Ari’s great-great-great-grandmother) had also been born. Robert was now working as an agricultural labourer.

In 1881 only Annie was still at home with her parents, and a nephew, John Keen, was also living with them. They were now living in Lower Crowle.

Robert was widowed in 1895, and in 1901 his granddaughter, 15-year-old Kate Wilks, was living with him. She worked at home as a glove machinist, and he was still working as an agricultural labourer.

In the last census, of April 1911, he is on his own at the age of 73, and still working as a farm labourer. Robert died in December 1917, and was buried at Crowle on 18 December.

Ari, this is how you are related to Robert:

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Joseph Sheppard of Worcestershire

Joseph Sheppard (or Shepherd) was one of Ari’s 6x great-grandfathers, born in 1752 in Worcestershire, possibly in Hanbury, as that is where he was living at the time of his marriage.

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St Werburgh’s Church, Hanbury – monument to Sir John de Hanbury (detail)

No baptism for him has been found in Hanbury, which is near Droitwich.

When he was 33, Joseph married Ann Day in Huddington, as shown in the parish register:

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They had nine children between 1786 and 1806, the youngest of whom was also Joseph, Ari’s 5x great-grandfather.

Joseph senior lived to the age of 83, and was buried at the church of St James in Huddington on 20 December 1835.

No will has been found yet, and I don’t know what his occupation was. My next step is to follow up the children to see if there are any clues.

Ari, this is how you are related to Joseph:

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